The e5 programme for energy-efficient municipalities, to which the city of Villach has been a member since January 2010, is a step-by-step process in which weaknesses are uncovered and potential for improvement identified. Structures and processes for the successful implementation of energy projects are established or strengthened, a continuous improvement process is initiated, and the participation of the population in energy policy decisions and activities is facilitated and promoted. In October 2016, the city of Villach was awarded the 5 “e” status. This makes it the largest city in Austria in this top category. The e5 fields of action include development planning and spatial planning, municipal buildings and facilities, supply and disposal, mobility, internal organisation, communication and cooperation.